Lawrence conducted his research on Toussaint L’Ouverture at the 135th Street branch of the New York Public Library, whose holdings included books, documents, and other materials related to African and African-American history and culture, collected by historian and bibliophile Arturo Schomburg. The collection, named the Schomburg Collection of Negro History and Culture in 1940, soon became one of the most important sources of research material for Lawrence’s many history paintings. The New York Public Library’s 135th Street branch, c. 1930. Photographs and Prints Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox, and Tilden Foundations

Studio: Jacob Lawrence